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Universe is nothing. Universe is process—constant change—constant motion.

When we look at all we know of the Universe—all the observationally known to exist
phenomena—from the expanding space, spiraling galaxies, stars, orbiting planets, and
moons—down to the earth with its climatic cycle, geological phenomena, the migration
of great plates of the earth’s crust producing the motion of continents, the moving
waters along shores and banks, down to the flowing red blood in our bodies—it is clear
that Universe is dynamic—is motion—is

R. Buckminster Fuller1975explains:

“Because physics has found no continuums, no experimental solids, no things,
no real matter, I decided half a century ago to identify mathematical behaviors
of energy phenomena only as
events. If there are no-things, there are no
nouns of material substance that the old semantics permitted wherein a noun
verbsa noun or a subject verbsa predicate. I found it necessary to change
this form to a complex of events identified as
me, which must be identified
as a verb
. The complex verb—meobserved another complex of events
identified again ignorantly as a ‘table’. I disciplined myself to communicate
exclusively with verbs. There are no
wheresand whats; only angle and
frequency events described as

“Universe is also a verb. When people say of Universe, “I wonder what is
outside its outside?” they are trying to conjure a unitary conception and are
asking for a single picture of an infinitely transforming, nonsimultaneous
scenario. Therefore, their question is not only unanswerable but unrealistic,
and indicates that they have not listened seriously to Einstein and are only
disclosing their ignorance of its significance when they boastfully tell you that
the speed of light is 186,000 miles per second. You cannot get out of Universe.
Universe is not a system. Universe is not a shape. Universe is a scenario. You
are always in Universe. You can only get out of systems.

*Think of a motion picture. Frame by frame a scenario unfolds. The whole unfolds
only when we follow the progression of movement from one frame into the next frame.

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46Alfred Korzybski, Science and Sanity, 1933-48, ibid

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Fuller continues:

“Universe can only be thought of competently in terms of a great, unending,
but finite scenario whose as yet unfilled film strip is constantly self-
regenerative. All experiences are terminated, ergo finite. An aggregate of
finites is finite. Our Universe is finite but nonsimultaneously conceptual; a
moving-picture scenario of nonsimultaneous and only partially overlapping
events. One picture—one frame—does not tell the story. the single frame
picture of a caterpillar does not foretell or imply the transformation of that
creature, first, into the chrysalis stage and, much later,into the butterfly
phase of its life. Nor does one picture of a butterfly tell the viewer that the
butterfly can fly.”

Universe as Action

Recall my discussion from UCS•1—We Can All Win!.

All living systems actto meet their needs. But, with the discovery that Universe is
actionis even more fundamental than life.

Science2001accepts Arthur Young’s belief:

“What is most basic in universe is not material particles but activity. The
older concept of a universe made up of physical particles interacting according
to fixed laws is no longer tenable. It is implicit in present findings that
rather than matter is basic.”48

Science2001has discovered actionto be fundamental in non-living Universe—light,
particles, atoms, and simple molecules as well as within living Universe which is life
itself—the living molecules, the plants, the animals, and we humans.

•Action implies motion, movement, animation—process.

•Actions require energy to occur. No energy—no action.

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47R. Buckminster Fuller, SYNERGETICS,1975, 1979, ibid
48Arthur Young, The Foundations of Science: The Missing Parameter, Robert Briggs Associates, San

Francisco, 1984

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•Actions have duration. Actions always have a beginning and an ending.
While some actions may occur in a very short time, they all require some
time. There are no instantaneous actions in Universe.
No time—no action.

•Actions have location in space. Actions always begin somewhere and end
somewhere else.
No location, No space—no action.

Because actions require energy, location or space, and time, synergic science
sometimes uses the term
energy eventto describe what we commonly call action.

R. Buckminster Fullerwriting in 1975 explained:

“Two different energy events cannot pass through the same point at the same
time. When one energy event is passing through a given point and another
impinges upon it, there is an

“We find experimentally that two lines cannot go through the same point at the
same time. One can cross over or be superimposed upon another. Both
Euclidian and non-Euclidian geometries misassume that a plurality of lines
can go through the same point at the same time. But we find experimentally
that two or more lines cannot physically go through the same point at the
same time.

“When a physicist bombards a group of atoms in a cloud chamber with a
neutron, he gets an interference. When the neutron runs into a nuclear
component: (1) it separates the latter into smaller components; (2) they bounce
acutely apart (reflection); (3) they bounce obliquely (refraction); (4) they
combine, mass attractively. The unique angles in which they separate or
bounce off identify both known or unknown atomic-nucleus components.”

Therefore actions can notand do not occur in isolation. If they impinge on the
environment or on others, they will effect or impact on the
environment—they will
effect or impact on

Actions can effect or impact on environment and/or on others in a negativeand
harmfulway. It can effect or impact on environment and/or on others in a neutralor

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49R. Buckminster Fuller, SYNERGETICS,1975, 1979, ibid

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negligibleway. Or it can effect or impact environment and/or on others in a positive
and beneficialway. Therefore actions that effect or impact on others can produce the
following results, using the language of games:

•Other can lose. They are hurtby the action. They are lessafter the action
than before.

•Other can draw. They are ignoredby the action. They will be the same
after the action as before.

•Other can win. They are helpedby the action. They are moreafter the
action than before.

From the point of view of an individual effected or impacted by action, I can be: hurt, I
can be
ignored, or I can be helpedby the action.

•Actions that hurtare adversary.

•Actions that ignoreare neutral.

•Actions that helpare synergic.

Because of the effect or impact that this action always has on the environment or upon
other, we discover that
actionis always accompanied by two other phenomena—
reaction, and the resultant.

In the illustration50on the following page, we see the man actby jumping from one
boat to another.

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50R. Buckminster Fuller, SYNERGETICS,1975, 1979, ibid

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As he jumps, he pushes off causing a reactionin the boat he left. As he lands his
impact effects a
resultant on the boat he lands on. The reaction occurs at the
beginning of the action while the resultant occurs at the end. The environment or
reactsat the beginning of the action. And the effect or impact on the
environment or other occurs at the end of the action producing a

•Action, reaction, and resultantare always found together.

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By understanding that these three phenomena always and only coexist, we should not
be surprised that as actions can be either adversary, neutral or synergic. So too,
reactions and resultants can have the same three effects.

Reactions can be adversary, neutral or synergic. Resultants can also be adversary,
neutral or synergic. And while this is not always the case, we would expect and
discover that:

•adversary action usually provokes adversaryreaction ending in an
adversary resultant orloss, while

•neutralaction usually provokes neutralreaction ending in a neutral
resultant or draw, and

•synergicaction usually provokes synergicreaction ending in a synergic
resultant orgain.

Korzybski on Action

Writing in 1933, Alfred Korzybski explained:

“As in the older days we introduced units or elementary quanta of mass, and
later, an elementary quantum of electric charge, so in our newer knowledge
we have need for an elementary quantum of action. Action is defined as energy
multiplied by ‘time’, or

“Naturally such a product as energy multiplied by ‘time’ must play an
extremely important structural and semantic role in this world of space-time,
where nothing happens ‘instantaneously’, but all action requires ‘time’. If we
could discover some unit of action, we could change from the language of
‘energy’ and ‘time’ to the language of ‘action’ and ‘times’. This language, by the
way, is much more satisfactory and structurally closer to experience than the
old languages. ‘Action’ as structurally defined (product of ‘energy’ by ‘time’) is
one of the two fundamental entities of pre-relativity physics which have
survived the Einstein revolution.

“It is really a universal term which we can apply without danger of speaking
nonsense. Energy in space-time must by necessity be reformulated as ‘action’.

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the quantum theory posits structurally that the action of physical processes is
built up of a number of elementary quanta of action.”

Korzybski on Action by Contact

Again writing in 1933, Alfred Korzybski explained action further:

“Let us recall some structural and semantic conclusions which the differential
calculus suggests. When we are dealing with the notion of a variable, we see
that the variable might be
anyelement selected out of an ordered aggregate of
elements. We can select elements relatively widely separated from each other,
as, for instance, the numbers 1 and 2, or points, let us say, an inch apart. It is
obvious that if we choose, we can make the gaps smaller, and postulate an
infinity of intermediate steps. When we make our gaps smaller, the elements
are ordered more densely and closer together. In the limit, if we choose
indefinitely many elements between any two elements, our series become
compact, if we still have a possibility of gaps; or they eventually become what
we call continuous, when there are no more gaps.

“Without legislating as to whether the entities we use in physics are
‘continuous’, ‘compact’, or ‘discontinuous’, we may grant that the maximum
elucidation of the above terms in mathematics is very useful. We can easily see
that in terms of
actiona continuous series gives us action by contact, since
consecutive elements are indefinitely near each other. As the differential and
integral calculus brings us in touch not only without
xbut also with its
indefinitely close neighbour
x+dx. We see that the calculus introduces a most
important structural and semantic innovation; namely, that it is a language
for describing
acton by contact, in sharp contradistinction to the structural
assumption of action at a distance.

“Let us illustrate the above by a structural example. Consider a series of equal
small material spheres connected with each other by small spiral springs. as
shown on following page as Fig. 1.

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51Alfred Korzybski, Science and Sanity, 1933-1948, ibid

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